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Berapa Hutan Indonesia yang Hilang Selama 2016-2022?

[MADANI, 28 Maret 2024] Meski trennya menurun, deforestasi atau hilangnya hutan di Indonesia masih terus terjadi setiap tahun. Melihat data hilangnya hutan Indonesia yang tersedia dan dapat diakses secara publik, dari tahun 2016 hingga 2022, tercatat 2 juta hektare hutan Indonesia hilang. Yang mengkhawatirkan, sekitar 58% atau 1,2 juta hektare hutan yang hilang adalah hutan alam.

Hutan alam perlu dilindungi karena berperan penting dalam mencegah memburuknya krisis iklim, melindungi lingkungan, dan menopang kehidupan masyarakat. Hutan alam menyerap CO2 yang sangat besar dari atmosfer sehingga mengurangi efek pemanasan global yang membawa bencana. Hutan alam juga merupakan rumah bagi keanekaragaman hayati, banyak diantaranya terancam punah.

Hutan juga mengatur siklus air dan meningkatkan kualitas udara. Bagi masyarakat yang tinggal di dalam dan di sekitar hutan, hutan alam menyediakan sumber daya penting, seperti makanan, obat-obatan, dan bahan bakar, serta peluang untuk mata pencaharian yang berkelanjutan. Selain itu, hutan alam juga menawarkan ruang rekreasi, meningkatkan kesejahteraan mental dan fisik. Oleh karena itu, perlindungan dan pengelolaan hutan alam yang berkelanjutan sangat penting untuk kesehatan lingkungan, stabilitas iklim, dan kesejahteraan generasi saat ini dan yang akan datang.

 

English Version

How Much of Indonesia’s Forests Were Lost Between 2016-2022?

[MADANI, March 28, 2024] Despite a downward trend, deforestation or forest loss in Indonesia continues to occur every year. Examining publicly accessible data on Indonesia’s forest loss from 2016 to 2022, it is recorded that 2 million hectares of Indonesian forests have disappeared. Alarmingly, about 58% or 1.2 million hectares of the lost forests were natural forests.

Natural forests need to be protected because they play a crucial role in combating the climate crisis, protecting the environment, and supporting community livelihoods. Natural forests absorb vast amounts of CO2 from the atmosphere, thus reducing the effects of global warming that lead to disasters. They are also home to a wide range of biodiversity, many are endangered.

Forests regulate water cycles and improve air quality as well. For communities living within and around forests, natural forests provide essential resources, such as food, medicine, and fuel, in addition to opportunities for sustainable livelihoods. Furthermore, natural forests offer recreational spaces that enhance mental and physical well-being. Therefore, the protection and sustainable management of natural forests are vital for environmental health, climate stability, and the well-being of current and future generations.

UNDUH

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